Salmon Conservation Fund

The Salmon Conservation Fund (SCF)

The SCF is managed by Inland Fisheries Ireland and is funded from contributions made by salmon anglers and commercial fishers through contributions made at the time of buying a licence.  It has an inflow of about Euro 500,000 per annum and has a current cash balance of about Euro 3.4 million.  Since 2019 the remit of the SCF has been expanded to include conservation work on sea trout fisheries.

Salmon Conservation Fund - Salmon Watch Ireland

Habitat works on the Cummeragh River, Waterville, County Kerry completed in the late 1980’s have allowed natural conditions to return to this pristine catchment.

The SCF was established as part of the implementation by the Central Fisheries Board (‘CFB’) and it’s successor, IFI, of a Ministerial direction of 2006.  The most recent iteration of the function of the SCF (which now has the unwieldy official title of the ‘Salmon and Sea Trout Rehabilitation, Conservation and Protection Fund’) to ‘coordinate the preparation and implementation of a revised programme for the rehabilitation, conservation and protection of the wild Atlantic Salmon and Sea Trout stocks’.


The SCF funds a wide range of activities including the direct operating costs of IFI’s scientifically important fry surveys of salmon systems and numerous conservation projects focused on, but not exclusively confined to, systems where salmon stocks are below their conservation limits.

Salmon Watch Ireland - Salmon Conservation Fund

Atlantic salmon require nursery and spawning habitat to be optimum in order to guarantee a self – sustaining stock. Conservation fund can help to alleviate bottlenecks in production.

A lot of good work that has been funded by the SCF but it has not been successful in unlocking more than a handful of projects which can be said to have had a significant impact on the rehabilitation of stocks.  In SWIRL’s view this can be attributed to two main factors:

  • The SCF is too small to take on really large projects that have a prospect of making significant improvements in salmon regeneration in heavily threatened systems;


  • The necessarily complex regulatory framework surrounding the carrying out of works (including the carrying out of impact assessments, obtaining seeking planning permission, insurance requirements, public procurement rules, etc) has proved to be beyond the ability of smaller organisations such as clubs and community groups and has deterred many from contemplating projects.  Increasing demands by local authorities and others in relation to planning and other regulatory requirements have not helped but may be unavoidable

In an attempt to unlock the full potential of the SCF, SWIRL proposes that:

  • The SCF should be re-focused on its original objective of ‘giving priority to rivers below their conservation limits in special areas of conservation which have the greatest prospect of recovery’;
  • IFI at river basin level should carry out and publish a thorough identification of rivers and projects that meet the mission originally set down, in consultation with anglers and their associations, owners and managers.  In SWIRL’s view the focus should be on the productivity of spawning and nursery areas and the removal or amelioration of barriers;
  • This would enable the more effective use of IFI’s team of project facilitators by having them focus on projects with a real potential value rather than just on those where sponsors come forward;
  • Strategically attention has to be given to augmenting the resources available to the SCF.  There is only a limited extent to which this can be achieved by increasing the angler (and commercial) contribution, which in aggregate is falling in line with licence sales, and Government capital contributions will have to be sought.